Tony Vincent April 2012
In project-based learning, students work over an extended period of time answering a driving question. The question is so deep that it requires students to create a project to share their findings with others.
Process for learning through projects:
Project-based learning can help students in the areas of motivation and social skills. It is also an effective way to differentiate content, process, or products for students.
QR codes can save students time and fustration when going to web addresses. Scan QR codes with the i-nigma app. Create your own online using qrcode.kaywa.com. Learn lots more about QR codes from Tony's video.
Radio WillowWeb podcast for kids, by kids
Make any image into an online jigsaw puzzle at Jigsaw Planet. Try this jigsaw of the definition of project-based learning. iPad users can use the Up in Pieces app to make jigsaws from any saved images.
Projects take an extended period of time to complete.
Activities can be completed in a a matter of a few class periods.
Angela Maiers’ mantra: “You are a genius and the world needs your contribution.”
Do you want to cover material for students or do you want them to uncover it for themselves?
“The greatest obstacle to learning is coverage.” -Howard Garner
Project-Based versus Project-Oriented Learning video by art teacher Jeff Robin.
Keep a copy of rubrics or checklists in the iBooks app for safe keeping.
Annotate images, PDFs, and websites using the free PaperPort Notes app (iPad only)
Collaboration is the act of working together for a common goal. "Studies have shown that groups outperform individuals on learning tasks, and further that individuals who work in groups do better on later individual assignments as well." -Powerful Learning by Linda Darling-Hammond
"What is it that I am trying to get other to do, and what reasons might they have for doing those things?" - Phillip Schletchy in Working on the Work
Video: Learning Adventures in Kindergarten from Edutopia
Example Driving Questions:
- How can we best stop the flu at our school?
- Is it worth the expense to move to an organic diet?
- Which element of the periodic table is most important?
- Should the U.S. use the metric system?
- What makes you happy?
- Which simple machine is most important to you?
- Should government bail out businesses?
- Is it better to buy or lease a car?
- What if Rosa Parks never gave up her seat?
- Design a better lunch menu for your school.
- What if students use their own mobile devices in school?
What Makes a Good Vice President video example on YouTube.
Add parameters to the driving question to ensure that standards are met.
What makes a good vice president?
- Include the branch of government the position is part of.
- Include the roles and powers of the position.
- Explain how someone is elected or appointed to the position.
- Include information about at least two people who have held the position.
- Explain the role of the position in Gerald Ford's succession to presidency.
- Include how the office holder is positioned in the line of succession to the presidency.
- Include at least one map, chart, or graph.
- Give the project your personal touch.
Example rubric for What Makes a Good Vice President?
Driving Question Tips
- Where are the standards/content used in the real world?
- Cannot be answered with copy and paste
- Will the result create something new?
- Student voice and choice
- Personal and/or local
- What? What if? Which?
Refine the Question
- Shorten as much as possible.
- Question should appeal to students.
- Make it personal or local.
- Leads to more questions.
- As much room for student voice and choice as possible.
Branching Questions - A driving question should lead to more questions. For example, in Use facts and statistics to convince others to stop your pet peeve, Tony's driving question lead to these questions to drive his investigation about shopping carts:
- How much do door dings raise car insurance premiums?
- Is there a time or day when more carts are left in the lot?
- What is the affect of the distance of the cart return from the vehicle?
- Why don't people return their carts?
- How many parking spots are taken up by left carts.
- Why does Phoenix seem to have a larger problem with returning carts than Omaha?
- What if the cart return was a strip down the middle of each row?
An anchor or opening activity gets students excited, interested, and curious about the topic of the driving question.
Edutopia has great videos about project-based learning.
Idea Sketch is an app for concept mapping with diagram and outline views.
Anyone can put anything on the web. Read about Google's PageRank system.
Atomic Web Browser is a universal web browser app with tabs.
Side by Side for iPad allows for up to 4 web pages, notes, or drawings to be displayed at once.
Duet Browser for iPad shows two web browser windows at once. Both windows can have tabs. You can make one window be a Google Doc for taking notes.
Quintura Kids is a paid iOS app that provides a child-safe search.
Numbers can be used for data collection and graphing.
Students explore the answers to their questions through books, web, interviews, experiments, and/or data collection.
Text Grabber is a $2.99 app. Take a photo of typed text and the app turns saves it as digital text.
Remember that anyone can put anything on the web. Students need to be sleuths and approach their questions as a mystery that other may be trying to cover up. Read more about Google's Page Rank system.
PixyMe app is 99¢ and makes photos with your own words on them.
Using tabs when browsing with iPad's Safari can help students compare information between webpages. Use Atomic Web Browswer on iPod touch to use tabbed browser.
Quintura Kids is a $2.99 app that helps guide students in web searches.
Investigation can involve interviews and collecting data. Investigation doesn't have to include internet searches!
Apps for Tracking Behavior
- VisTimerFree - See how much time is remaining visually
- Counter+ - Replacement for a mechanical counter to tally behaviors
- ABC Data ($4.99) - Track multiple behaviors and see percentages
- iEarned That Lite - Reward positive behaviors by adding pieces to a jigsaw puzzle
- ClassDojo.com - Free website to tally each student's positive and negative behaviors
Giving students a choice in how they present their project increases authentic engagement.
Remember, how you implement project-based learning in your classroom depends on who and what you teach and what tools you have available.
Record audio using iPod touch’s built-in Voice Memos app or download an app like i Tell a Story. Audio recordings can be used for interviews, skits, and reports. Even better is GarageBand. Listed to Radio WillowWeb for examples.
- Enunciate clearly
- Speak at a normal volume
- Talk as if you are speaking to a friend
- Prepare & practice
- Record in short portions
- Reduce background noise
The Photos app is where images are saved to and imported from.
Comic Touch Lite is a free iPod touch app for adding speech bubbles and call outs to an image.
Adobe Photoshop Express is a free universal app for rotating, cropping, and enhancing images.
SonicPics is a $2.99 iPod touch app for narrating a series of images. It has no time limit.
ShowMe Interactive Whiteboard is free and makes videos that combine drawing and voice (iPad only).
Posterous.com is the “dead simple place to post anything by email.” Accounts are free and it’s a great way for students to turn in work and share projects. Check out colts5.posterous.com as an example and read more about using Posterous for blogs and podcasts.
QR codes can be a great way to share the project if it is online and has a web address.
- iear.org for educational app reviews by educators
- Tony Vincent’s list of lists of educational apps
- Tony Vincent on Twitter often tweets educational apps that are on sale.
- Twitter users are tagging tweets that mention an educational apps with #edapp. Search Twitter for #edapp to see them.
- Zwipes are inexpensive microfiber clothes for cleaning screens. Look for them in the automotive section or buy at Amazon.
- Kill germs without chemicals using Germ Guardian Mini UV-C Light Wand
- Stylus 3-Pack for less than $2
- App Crayon Stylus for Kids
- iBackFlip makes carrying cases for iPad.
- iPad 2 VGA Adapter
- IPEVO Point2View Webcam
- Reflection Mac software for mirroring screen wirelessly
- Sphero - iPad/iPod/iPhone controlled ball
Email Tony Vincent with questions and successes!